As the 21st century proceeds apace, Australia faces new and old challenges, both domestically and internationally. Managing complex governance issues, preventing democratic fracture, balancing an ever-shifting geo-political strategic order, addressing the recognition and identity demands of marginalised groups, and responding to crises such as pandemics and climate change are among the most urgent of them. These challenges are, of course, not exclusive to Australia, being symptomatic instead of a rapidly changing global order. However, their manifestation, and any responses developed to address them, are inevitably shaped by the country’s distinctive history, culture, geography, location, and size. The papers presented in this panel will showcase research that seeks to address some of these challenges. The panel features a selection of researchers who have contributed to a forthcoming book under contract with Routledge that is co-edited by Dr Matteo Bonotti and Dr Narelle Miragliotta from Monash University.